Tag Archives: C#.NET

Building Multilingual Application

Multilingual applications are those which which supports the different Language for customers of different counties.

The most important thing to develope the ML Application is Resource file, which contains all the ML Data such as the text which is to be displayed on the form (in different languages).

These resource files can be the file with “resx” extension or may be with “txt” extensions.
Suppose we want to generate one resource file for Hindi Language one for Franch Language and soon.

These files will be named as follows :
Hindi Language : Resource.HI.txt
French Language : Resource.FR.txt
…..
…..

We know that the Satellite Assembely id needed to make Multilingual Application.
So we will use “Resgen.exe” comand to generate Satellite Assembely, that can be done as follows :

resgen C:\Resource.HI.txt
resgen C:\Resource.FR.txt

These two commands will generate the Satellite Assembely for these resource files with following names :

Resource.HI.resources
Resource.FR.resources

These generated resource files we will put in a folder named “Resources”.
With this we have completed our first round of work.. 🙂
We will build this application and this will generate two new folders in “Bin” directory with the name “FR” and “HI”.

Along with this we need to place these two files in Resource Folder inside Bin.

Now we have done with the Satellite Assembely generation part, now all we need to do is use these Satellite Assembely in our code by reading content from it.

For this we will create one class and place following code in that to read the Resource content.

This HI resource file contains :

 

In this file we need to place different Namespaces :

This is the main code which will read the Resource file.

Now we will write the code to call this function on some button…

This above function we can call on any control say on Button Click…
And we are done with the Localisation… 🙂

 

 

LINQ Operations

.NET Language-Integrated Query (LINQ) defines a set of general purpose standard query operators that allow traversal, filter, and projection operations to be expressed in a direct yet declarative way in any .NET-based programming language. The standard query operators allow queries to be applied to any IEnumerable-based information source.

<%@ Page Title="About Us" Language="C#" MasterPageFile="~/Site.master" AutoEventWireup="true"
    CodeBehind="About.aspx.cs" Inherits="JSON.About" %>

<asp:Content ID="HeaderContent" runat="server" ContentPlaceHolderID="HeadContent">
</asp:Content>
<asp:Content ID="BodyContent" runat="server" ContentPlaceHolderID="MainContent">
    <h2>
        LINQ Demo :-
    </h2>
       <table style="width:100%;">
        <tr>
            <td>
                <asp:Button ID="btngetdata" runat="server" onclick="btngetdata_Click" 
                    Text="Fill with LINQ" />
            </td>
            <td>
                <asp:DropDownList ID="ddlgetdata" runat="server">
                </asp:DropDownList>
            </td>
            <td>
                &nbsp;</td>
        </tr>
        <tr>
            <td>
                <asp:Button ID="Button2" runat="server" onclick="Button2_Click" 
                    Text="Declaritive Short Hand " />
            </td>
            <td>
                <asp:DropDownList ID="ddlshorthand" runat="server">
                </asp:DropDownList>
            </td>
            <td>
                &nbsp;</td>
        </tr>
        <tr>
            <td>
                <asp:Button ID="Button3" runat="server" onclick="Button3_Click" 
                    Text="Lambda Expressions and Expression Trees" />
            </td>
            <td>
                <asp:DropDownList ID="ddlextressiontree" runat="server">
                </asp:DropDownList>
            </td>
            <td>
                &nbsp;</td>
        </tr>
        <tr>
            <td>
                <asp:Button ID="Button4" runat="server" onclick="Button4_Click" 
                    Text="LINQ anonymous methods" />
            </td>
            <td>
                <asp:DropDownList ID="ddlanonymous" runat="server">
                </asp:DropDownList>
            </td>
            <td>
                &nbsp;</td>
        </tr>
        <tr>
            <td>
                <asp:Button ID="btnwhere" runat="server" onclick="btnwhere_Click" 
                    Text="where" />
            </td>
            <td>
                <asp:DropDownList ID="ddlwhere" runat="server">
                </asp:DropDownList>
            </td>
            <td>
                &nbsp;</td>
        </tr>
        <tr>
            <td>
                <asp:Button ID="btndatatable" runat="server" onclick="btndatatable_Click" 
                    Text="LINQ with DataTable" />
            </td>
            <td>
                <asp:DropDownList ID="ddlDatatable" runat="server">
                </asp:DropDownList>
            </td>
            <td>
                &nbsp;</td>
        </tr>
    </table>
</asp:Content>

Here we are having an Array on which we are going to Implement LINQ :

string[] names = { "Abhishek", "Rohit", "Mayank", 
                       "Rider", "Lucky", "Utkarsh", 
                       "Lakhan", "Manish" };

Below is the Source code how to fill a Dropdown list using Simple LINQ :-

protected void btngetdata_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
    IEnumerable<string> data = from d in names
			       where d.Length < 6
			       select d.ToUpper();
    foreach (string da in data)
    {
	ddlgetdata.Items.Add(da.ToString());
    }
}

This above query can also be written as below, this approach is called Method based :-

protected void methodbased_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
    IEnumerable<string> str = names
       .Where(s => s.Length < 6)
       .OrderBy(s => s)
       .Select(s => s.ToUpper());

    foreach (string da1 in str)
    {
	ddlshorthand.Items.Add(da1.ToString());
    }
}

Lambda Expressions and Expression Trees (Func delegate type) :-

protected void Button3_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
    Func<string, bool> filter = s => s.Length < 6;
    Func<string, string> Order = s => s;
    Func<string, string> sel = s => s.ToUpper();

    IEnumerable<string> d = names
	.Where(filter)
	.OrderBy(Order)
	.Select(sel);

    foreach (string i in d)
    {
	ddlextressiontree.Items.Add(i);
    }
}

We can also write the above method using anonymous methods (Delegates) like below :-

protected void Button4_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
    Func<string, bool> filter = delegate(string s)
    {
	return s.Length < 6;
    };

    Func<string, string> Order = delegate(string s)
    {
	return s;
    };

    Func<string, string> sel = delegate(string s)
    {
	return s.ToUpper();
    };

    IEnumerable<string> query = names
	.Where(filter)
	.OrderBy(Order)
	.Select(sel);

    foreach (string s in query)
    {
	ddlanonymous.Items.Add(s);
    }
}
protected void btnwhere_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
    DataSet ds = new DataSet();
    IEnumerable<string> query = names.Where(s => s[0] == 'A');
    foreach (string z in query)
    {
	ddlwhere.Items.Add(z);
    }
}

Now we are going to see how to implement LINQ on DataTable, However DataTable is not an IEnumerable type and LINQ is only work with IEnumerable Types.
So here we need to convert this DataTable to IEnumerable Types and then we can apply LINQ over it.

We can have a DataTable as follows :-

static DataTable GetTable()
{
    DataTable table = new DataTable();
    table.Columns.Add("Id", typeof(int));
    table.Columns.Add("Address", typeof(string));
    table.Columns.Add("Name", typeof(string));
    table.Columns.Add("Date", typeof(DateTime));

    table.Rows.Add(1, "Indore", "Abhishek", DateTime.Now);
    table.Rows.Add(2, "Pune", "Rohit", DateTime.Now);
    table.Rows.Add(3, "Hydrabad", "Mayank", DateTime.Now);
    table.Rows.Add(4, "Mumbai", "Rider", DateTime.Now);
    table.Rows.Add(5, "Bangalore", "Lucky", DateTime.Now);
    return table;
}

In below code we have used “AsEnumerable()” method to make DataTable of IEnumerable Type.

protected void btndatatable_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
    //AsEnumerable() Used here to convert Datatable (DataTable is NOT IEnumerable Type) in to IEnumerable type so that we can apply LINQ in it.
    var query = from data in GetTable().AsEnumerable()
		where data.Field<int>("Id") > 2 && data.Field<string>("Name").StartsWith("M")
		select new
		{
		    Name = data.Field<string>("Name"),
		    Id = data.Field<int>("Id")
		};

    foreach (var v in query)
    {
	ddlDatatable.DataTextField = v.Name.ToString();
	ddlDatatable.DataValueField = v.Id.ToString();
	ddlDatatable.Items.Add(v.Name.ToString());
    }
}

LINQ Demo

Note :-
As per my thinking this LINQ can be very usefull for small data to Operate on.. If we retrieve data from DB in bulk and keep it in memory so that we can apply LINQ on that data that is not a good option..